Machine Learning Is Getting Smarter

In the 1950s, the definition of artificial intelligence (AI) was simply the training of computers to do specific tasks. Today, Google AI researcher Francois Chollet states that AI is a machine’s capability to adapt to a new environment, improvising by using its stored knowledge. It is also a machine’s efficiency in learning new skills as it performs tasks in unfamiliar scenarios. Technology executive Boris Kontsevoi wrote in Forbes that machine learning (ML) identifies patterns in data and draws conclusions from these. ML develops AI and both need specific datasets to apply to specific tasks.

Any industry can use AI to increase efficiency, production quality, volume of output, and revenue in the modern world. Companies that leverage AI are outperforming their competitors.

AI in Medicine

AI was instrumental in the quick development of vaccines against the Covid-19 virus. Usually, it takes years to develop a vaccine against a specific disease. This time, it took only a few months after the start of the pandemic for several vaccines to be presented.

In February 2020, Baidu’s LinearFold AI algorithm predicted in just 27 seconds the secondary structure of the SARS-CoV-2 RNA sequence. This is 120 times faster than other methods and was used in developing messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines. Later, Baidu’s LinearDesign AI algorithm was used to eliminate unstable and unproductive mRNA sequences in vaccines. In June, AI technology completed within 10 hours the genome sequencing of the coronavirus strain. In December, Baidu released PaddleHelix, an AI bio-computing framework for drug discovery, vaccine development, and precision medicine.

Likewise, the USC Viterbi School of Engineering released in February 2021 an AI vaccine design framework that can pinpoint the best vaccine options among many possibilities within seconds. In less than a minute, it can create a new vaccine for a new virus. In less than an hour, it can validate the quality of the vaccine.

USC Viterbi used raw data from the Immune Epitope Database (IEDB) that has more than 600,000 known epitopes from about 3,600 species. Scientists worldwide have been gathering data about Covid-19 and other diseases into this database. The study also included data from the Virus Pathogen Resource.

With AI technology, more pharmaceutical firms will hopefully develop new Covid-19 vaccines that are effective against mutations. To be able to meet the demand for vaccines worldwide, companies must also maximize the use of AI to hasten production and delivery.

AI in Industry

There are many uses of AI in manufacturing, from product development to delivery. AI can design prototypes, test these virtually, and reengineer these, if necessary, without production cost. Customized versions of the design can also be quickly created virtually.

In the production line, robots do tasks that humans cannot do or are dangerous for humans. They are also used for tasks requiring absolute precision, eliminating the possibility of human error, and repetitive tasks. Robots can learn to do rigorous quality control on products. Adding AI to robots gives them the ability to continue learning as they perform tasks. In other words, experience enhances their initial programming, and they progressively get better at what they are doing.

There are also collaborative robots or cobots that work beside humans in factories. These AI-equipped cobots can do various tasks and their spatial awareness enables them to detect and avoid obstacles.

Adding AI to equipment enables the prediction of breakdowns through sensors that continually monitor all parts of the machine. This, in turn, enables preventive maintenance that saves time and cost. A fully AI-automated factory is also cost-effective because it can function without lights and work continuously around the clock with no breaks, weekends, or holidays off.

Applying AI to inventory and logistics enables a company to accurately predict needs and avoid shortages in raw materials. It can automate its supply chain based on predictive analytics. Similarly, a company can automate its delivery system to avoid delays.

AI Everywhere

You may not have realized it, but AI is almost everywhere in the modern world. With the Internet of things (IoT), AI connects many gadgets and devices. There are currently smart versions of almost any home appliance that you can control even when you are away from home.

If you are using the Internet, your online behavior is being tracked by websites. AI learns your habits and provides the ads that are related to your interests in various platforms you visit.

Any business, big or small, can benefit from the use of AI. Through data gathered from customers, AI can provide targeted and customized marketing campaigns that are more effective in triggering purchases. As it learns more about each customer, it becomes even more accurate in predicting needs and wants. Indeed, artificial intelligence is getting smarter and smarter.

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Garden Goals: Making The Most Of Your Outdoor Space

There’s nothing better than soaking up the sunshine in the garden when the skies are blue and it’s warm outside. If your garden is crying out for some TLC, or you need inspiration to create an al fresco oasis, here are some tips to help you make the most of your outdoor space. 

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Maximizing the space you have available

When designing your garden or embarking upon a mini makeover, it’s always beneficial to try and maximize the space you have available and use every inch. From awkwardly shaped areas to corners, there are innovative solutions to help you utilize every part of your garden. One of the most common issues homeowners encounter is overgrown trees and branches that are blocking light or making it impossible to use sections of the garden for entertaining, playing with children, grandchildren or pets or growing plants or produce. If this problem sounds familiar, it’s a great idea to consider hiring a company like Sydney Tree Company to remove or prune trees to make your garden more functional and create the illusion of a larger, lighter space. You can also use corners to create cool chill-out zones or seating areas or design planters or features such as shelves and corner ladders to house containers, buckets or pots. 

Creating a versatile space

Depending on where you live, you may have to contend with different types of weather conditions during the year. From blazing heat to showers, dark nights and clear, sunny days, you can cater to all climates in your garden to make your yard a perfect place to hang out come rain or shine. Use structures and features such as gazebos, awnings and sails to provide shelter and shade, add outdoor lighting to enable you to enjoy the garden after sunset and create a cozy vibe with blankets and throws to keep warm after dark in the summer and during the winter. You can also explore additions such as fire pits, patio heaters and chimineas. 

Designing distinctive garden zones

Our gardens have multiple roles, and many of us like to undertake several different types of activities in the same space. From sunbathing and hanging out with friends to gardening and growing, playing sports with the kids and chilling out with a good book, you can enjoy a host of different hobbies in your garden. If you’d like your backyard to be more versatile and functional, it’s an excellent idea to design distinctive zones. You can do this by using different materials and physical structures and barriers, such as gates, walls and fences, and adding colored or themed accessories and lighting to change the ambiance.

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Are you keen to make the most of your outdoor space? Is your garden a little bland or tired, or can you only enjoy it in the summer? Take these tips on board to create a more versatile, accessible space you can use all year-round. From making use of every inch to creating different zones to cater to hobbies and interests and facilitate relaxation, it’s possible to transform your outdoor area into a stunning oasis. 

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