Tooth restoration has never been easier than it is now within the dentistry world. Unlike dentures and bridges, dental implants in Bromley are inserted into the jaw bone creating an artificial root that is fused into the bone after months of recovery. Once healed, an artificial tooth or multiple teeth can be attached to the root which can then recover and rejuvenate your smile.
With major advances in knowledge and technology within the dental world, it is no surprise that the demands on implants have spiraled and ways to accommodate even the unsuitable candidates has begun to take form.
We will therefore take a brief look at the 4 main types of oral implants in order to guide you and expand on the knowledge surrounding your options.
Why is there a need for multiple implant options?
Whilst it would be incredible for every candidate to have the perfect jaw bone in terms of depth and strength, in reality, this is not possible. Therefore, in order to accommodate the variety of patients, different oral implants were designed and created.
The most common implant used
The go-to of implants when it comes to tooth restoration is that of the Endosteal. This particular implant is similar to a small titanium screw that is drilled into a healthy jaw bone and then left to naturally heal for approximately 3 to 6 months. Once healed, which means the screw is fused in by the natural bone, then a tooth can be attached. With sufficient oral hygiene carried out the implant can then last for as long as 15 years.
Using the cheek
For patients with insufficient bone depth within the jaw, it may be that the Zygomatic implant is more suitable. This particular implant is almost the same as the endosteal except for the length and placement of the synthetic root. The Zygomatic implant is placed within the upper jaw and attached to the cheekbone, or in the medical world, the Zygoma. Once again time taken to heal varies but can be around 3 to 12 months before they are fully fused in place. Once this has happened the duration with the correct oral hygiene can be anywhere from 15 to 20 years.
Shrinking in size with mini-implants
In the complete reverse to the Zygomatic implant where the Endosteal implant has been lengthened is the mini-implant which is reduced in size. These implants are not inserted as deep into the jaw bone and therefore are used primarily for single tooth replacements. Whilst the fusing of the jaw bone is still needed, it is considerably less time due to the depth and can be around just 3 months. The depth of the implants does affect the longevity of the solution though and reduces to just 10 years before an alternative solution would need to be found.
An alternative method
One other option for tooth restoration is that of the Sub periosteal which is not actually implanted but physically attached to the jaw and gum. Molded to your own specific jaw, this fitting acts as an implant without being inserted into the bone. As many as 6 posts can be used with this fitting and once the gum has healed around the posts the tooth or multiple teeth can be attached. No, fusing of the bone, just simple healing of the gums to get through.
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